Some scholars believe that they were dictated by the poet; Albert Lord noted that, in the process of dictating, the Balkan bards he recorded revised and extended their lays. Odysseus then swears Eurycleia to secrecy. The biggest issue in reconciling the connection between the epic fighting of the Iliad and later Greek warfare is the phalanx, or hoplite, warfare seen in Greek history well after Homer's Iliad. An Excavation of the Iliad. Events and details of the story that are only found in later authors may have been passed on through oral tradition and could be as old as the Homeric poems. Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. Homer 's Iliad 8th century BC.
Zeus came to learn from either Themis  or Prometheusafter Heracles had released him from Caucasus that, like his father Cronus, he would be overthrown by one of his sons.
Odysseus essentially says that while Antinous may look like a king, he is far from a king since he is not generous. Most scholars now agree that the Homeric poems depict customs and elements of the material world that are derived from different periods of Greek history. While Helen laments the fit of lust brought on by Aphrodite that sent her to Troy with Paris, Menelaus recounts how she betrayed the Greeks by attempting to imitate the voices of the soldiers' wives while they were inside the Trojan Horse. While they were escaping, however, Odysseus foolishly taunted Polyphemus and revealed his true identity. For other uses, see Homer disambiguation.